WHY WOMEN BUILD MATTERS
 
Despite the fact that it is harder for women to become homeowners than it is for similarly situated men, single women are currently outpacing single men when it comes to homeownership, both here in Chicago and across the country. Homeownership is not only a powerful wealth-generating tool; it also improves the health, educational, and social outcomes for individuals and their children.

To achieve gender equality and to provide children with futures of opportunity, we must take affordable homeownership seriously. Women Build exists to do just that. It’s not just 400 women coming together to build houses – it’s 400 women coming together to build stability, security, and equality.




 


HOMEOWNERSHIP BENEFITS

Let's first talk about stable, quality, and affordable homeownership and why it matters:

Financial 

>> A home is typically the largest asset a family will have and its equity increases a family's wealth over time. 

>> An affordable mortgage gives families a predictable, controlled amount for their shelter for decades, as opposed to having to face the volatility of rent increases that plague quickly-changing city markets.

>> As of 2013, a typical homeowner's net worth was $195,400, while a typical renter's was $5,400. Given that home prices have risen since then, homeowners' wealth will have grown even more.
1  
 

Health 
 

>> Poor housing quality is associated with higher baseline symptoms of anxiety, depression, and aggression in children from elementary school through young adulthood.2

>> Families living in quality affordable housing are able to dedicate 2x as much of their income to health, and are significantly less likely to forgo needed doctor's visits and medications.3

>> Renter households with children are more likely to have asthma triggers in their homes than owner households, and are more likely to have at least one child with asthma.4

 

Educational

>> For low-income families, housing affordability is associated with greater spending on child enrichment. It also reduces children's residential instability, which has been associated with increased educational attainment and increased earnings in adulthood.5

>> All other things being equal, children of homeowners do better in school (scoring higher on test scores and lower on anti-social behaviors), and have lower crime and drug usage rates.6





THE GENDERED ROADBLOCKS

Here's why its harder for women to become homeowners:

Lower Income and Uneven Care Responsibilities

>> On average, women earn less than men working in year-round, full-time positions in Illinois (78 cents on the dollar and even lower for women of color), and thus do not have the same access to credit and loans.7 This gap results in fewer means for women to acquire quality homes in stable neighborhoods. 

>> As of 2018, 81% of single-parent households in the United States were headed by women.
8 Similarly, regardless of job status, child-care duties, and other related factors, women are twice as likely to be the sole, primary caretaker for an elderly parent or another adult.9 These uneven caregiving responsibilities prevent women from equally investing their time and financial resources into homeownership. 

 

Higher Mortgage Denials and Mortgage Rates, Despite Superior Payment Performance

>> Due to factors like the gender pay gap, women tend to have higher debt-to-income ratios and worse credit profiles. Typical lenders do not take any offsetting factors into account and single women are thus denied mortgages at higher rates than single men, even though women are more reliable when it comes to paying their mortgages.10

>> When single women are awarded mortgages, they face significantly higher interest rates than single men because of their weaker credit profiles, and are more likely to be given a subprime loan.11





 


THE FEMALE RESILIENCE

Despite all of these hurdles, single women are outpacing single men when it comes to homeownership.


>> On average, single women own approximately 22% of homes nationwide, compared to 13% owned by single men.12

>> In Chicago, 489,786 homes are owned by single women (21.79%), while 298,153 homes are owned by single men (13.27%).12






 

THE ROLE OF WOMEN BUILD

It's simple. Together, as a community of 400 women strong, we will:
 
>> Help more of our sisters become owners of stable, quality, and affordable homes

>> Help more of our sisters grow their wealth and independence

>> Help more of our sisters provide futures of opportunity for their children

>> Help move the needle on gender inequality

  


Sources
1. https://www.forbes.com/sites/lawrenceyun/2016/08/12/why-homeownership-matters/#30715f48480f

2. https://howhousingmatters.org/articles/housing-affects-childrens-outcomes/
3. https://homeforallsmc.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Impact-of-Affordable-Housing-on-Families-and-Communities.pdf
4. https://howhousingmatters.org/articles/housing-affects-childrens-outcomes/
5. https://howhousingmatters.org/articles/even-as-american-dream-changes-housing-central-to-economy/https://howhousingmatters.org/articles/education-future-earnings-harmed-by-middle-childhood-moves/
6. https://www.habitatchicago.org/chicago-model/why
7.  https://www.aauw.org/resource/gender-pay-gap-by-state-and-congressional-district/
8. https://singlemotherguide.com/single-mother-statistics
9. https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/daughters-tend-to-aging-parents-more-often-than-sons-but-some-are-seeking-a-change/2014/12/05/b593f554-74ee-11e4-9d9b-86d397daad27_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.4f0cff1bd19a
10. https://www.urban.org/urban-wire/were-still-shortchanging-women-when-it-comes-mortgages
11. https://consumerfed.org/elements/www.consumerfed.org/file/housing/WomenPrimeTargetsStudy120606.pd
12. https://www.lendingtree.com/home/mortgage/homeownership-gender-gap-study/